When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
Contact a customer support specialist at Date Posted: Jan 17, Written by: In academic writing, authors occasionally need to refer to previously published works. However, given the myriad of formatting techniques used to highlight the titles of these works, such as italics, underlining, and quotation marks, new authors can easily become confused with the proper way to format these titles.
Thankfully, the rules are not terribly difficult, and one quick question to yourself can help you sort out the proper formatting quickly. The titles of stand-alone published works e. Simply ask yourself if the work appears as an independent, stand-alone volume. If the answer is yes, then the title should be italicized.
For example, a newspaper title should be italicized e. Also, the title of a book should be italicized e. At this point, I should mention underlining. Historically, underlining was used almost interchangeably with italics for the titles of these stand-alone works.
This was once considered an acceptable treatment of titles because the average person did not have access to the typesets that were required to produce italicized words. This is especially true of handwritten documents.
However, with the advent of word processors, personal computers, and printers, most people can now easily produce italicized text. Thus, underlining has fallen out of favor with exception to handwritten text.
The titles of portions of a larger text or work e.
Simply ask yourself if the work appears as part of a larger work. If the answer is yes, then enclose the title in quotation marks. This little question will help you effectively format titles in most situations.
However, I would be remiss if I did not mention the few unusual situations.
For example, works of art e. The specific names of ships, planes, and space crafts should be italicized, but the abbreviations before the names, designations of classes, and the makes are not italicized e.
The names of trains are not italicized. Also, the general names of standard religious texts use no special formatting beyond capitalization e. Visited 9, times, 3 visits today.Students, tutors, scientists, writers – all need a little help in the shape of time-tested and trusted APA in text citation generator from time to time – get it.
May 18, · APA and MLA both share the same ideation of how to correctly write a book title. You ITALICIZE!!! Also to help you along, here is a link to a completed APA formated paper and site t help you comapre your to the correct kaja-net.com: Resolved.
Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
. APA Format Broken Down: Use this format if you are using 1 chapter out of a book that has many chapters, and each chapter is written by a different author. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., ) and the APA (for book). Italicize titles of books, titles of periodicals, and periodical volume numbers.
4. Electronic Retrieval Information: Electronic retrieval information may include digital APA style essentials. Web resources form a separate category in the APA kaja-net.com consist of four components: author, publication date, title and URL.
Unfortunately, some of these components are often missing.