It was the rationale of thievery. The other guy has it, you want it, Obama will take it for you. It is the electoral philosophy that gave us Detroit.
Visit Website Constitutional Origins The Constitutional Convention of considered several methods of electing the President, including selection by Congress, by the governors of the states, by the state legislatures, by a special group of Members of Congress chosen by lot, and by direct popular election.
Late in the convention, the matter was referred to the Committee of Eleven on Postponed Matters, which devised the electoral college system in its original form. This plan, which met with widespread approval by the delegates, was incorporated into the final document with only minor changes.
Constitution, Article II, section 1. Qualifications for the office are broad: At least one of the candidates for whom the electors vote must be an inhabitant of another state.
A majority of electoral votes is necessary to College electoral essay, a requirement intended to insure broad acceptance of a winning candidate, while election by the House was provided as a default method in the event of electoral college deadlock. Finally, Congress was empowered to set nationwide dates for choice and meeting of electors.
All the foregoing structural elements of the electoral college system remain in effect currently. The original method of electing the President and Vice President, however, proved unworkable, and was replaced by the 12th Amendment, ratified in Under the original system, each elector cast two votes for President for different candidatesand no vote for Vice President.
The votes were counted; the candidate receiving the most, provided it was a majority of the number of electors, was elected President, and the runner-up became Vice President.
The 12th Amendment replaced this system with separate ballots for President and Vice President, with electors casting a single vote for each office. As the republic evolved, so did the electoral college system, and, by the late 19 century, the th following range of constitutional, federal and state legal, and political elements of the contemporary system were in place.
Allocation of Electors and Electoral Votes The Constitution gives each state a number of electors equal to the combined total of its Senate membership two for each state and House of Representatives delegation currently ranging from one to 52, depending on population. The 23rd Amendment provides an additional three electors to the District of Columbia.
The number of electoral votes per state thus currently ranges from three for seven states and D. The total number of electors each state gets are adjusted following each decennial census in a process called reapportionment, which reallocates the number of Members of the House of Representatives to reflect changing rates of population growth or decline among the states.
Popular Election of Electors Today, all presidential electors are chosen by the voters, but, in the early republic, more than half the states chose electors in their legislatures, thus eliminating any direct involvement by the voting public in the election. This practice changed rapidly after the turn of the nineteenth century, however, as the right to vote was extended to an ever-wider segment of the population.
As the electorate continued to expand, so did the number of persons able to vote for presidential electors, to its present limit of all eligible citizens age 18 or older. The tradition that the voters choose the presidential electors thus became an early and permanent feature of the electoral college system, and, while it should be noted that states still theoretically retain the constitutional right to choose some other method, this is extremely unlikely.
The existence of the presidential electors and the duties of the electoral college are so little noted in contemporary society that most American voters believe that they are voting directly for a President and Vice President on election day.
Although candidates for elector may be well known persons, such as governors, state legislators, or other state and local officials, they generally do not receive public recognition as electors.
While there is evidence that the founders assumed the electors would be independent actors, weighing the merits of competing presidential candidates, they have been regarded as agents of the public will since the first decade under the Constitution.
They are expected to vote for the presidential and vice presidential candidates of the party that nominated them. In fact, the balance of opinion by constitutional scholars is that, once electors have been chosen, they remain constitutionally free agents, able to vote for any candidate who meets the requirements for President and Vice President.
Faithless electors have, however, been few in number in the 20 century, one each in,,andand have never influenced the outcome of a presidential election. Diverse State Procedures Nomination of elector-candidates is another of the many aspects of this system left to state and political party preferences.
Most states prescribe one of two methods:Write an essay of , words in which you: Describe the structure and function of the electoral college.
How and when was it created in the U.S.? Why was it created, and by whom? Compare the electoral college to a popular vote approach for elections.
How does the electoral college system operate/function? What are consequences Continue reading Electoral College Essay →. Electoral College essay writing service, custom Electoral College papers, term papers, free Electoral College samples, research papers, help.
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Use our assignment writing services or get access to database of free essays samples about electoral college with topics, outline, conclusion and introduction. Signup now and have "A+" grades! The United States presidential election of , the 45th quadrennial American presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 3, Incumbent Democratic President Lyndon B.
Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee. With % of the popular vote, Johnson won the largest share of the popular vote of any candidate since the largely uncontested election.
Write an essay of , words in which you: 1. Describe the structure and function of the electoral college. •How and when was it created in the U.S.?
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