In other posts, I have provided a quick video introduction to the topic, and have discussed the ideas behind discourse theorythe main questions that students and researchers will likely ask as they set up their discourse analysis projectand the things that are worth keeping in mind when working with East Asian language sources. In this post, I offer a handy set of tools for doing a text-based, qualitative discourse analysis. You can go through the whole list of work-steps and tick each item off in turn, which is a good way to practice these methods.
Success of positive psychology Popular press: See the annotated bibliography A dedicated journal: See the annotated bibliography section C2 Handbooks: Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi Chao, ; Chovan. Understanding well-being and optimal functioning: Psychological Inquiry, 22 Replies: Clearly, that is the mark of a powerful, or at least powerfully compelling, idea.
There is an enormous flood of 'aftermarket' positive psychology products out there, and more seem to be generated every month.
Consumers can get their hands on 'positive' books, services, unlicensed life coaches, motivational CD programs, and even bracelets and rocks!
For example, in one of his first publications on his new venture he introduces a presidential task force on prevention that will ultimately sponsor a special issue on prevention for the American Psychologist edited by Csikszentmihalyi, "it will ask what psychology can do to nurture highly talented children [italics added]" Seligman, a, p.
In this column, Seligman then goes on to ask how we can prevent problems by promoting the competence of individuals. Much of the task of prevention will be to create a science of human strength whose mission will be to foster these virtues in young people" Seligman, a, p.
It can be the 'Manhattan project' of the social sciences, but it will require substantial resources. The positive social science of the 21st century will have as a useful side effect the possibility of prevention of the serious mental illnesses; for there are a set of human strengths that most likely buffer against mental courage, optimism, interpersonal skill, work ethic, hope, responsibility, future-mindedness, honesty and perseverance, to name several.
But it will have as its direct effect a scientific understanding of the practice of civic virtue and of the pursuit of the best things in life" Seligman, b, p. The focus on highly talented children also disappears.
Here is a progress report on the three first steps" Seligman, c, p. Which will be most fruitful for a taxonomy? The DSMs categorize the mental disorders for the purpose of measurement and treatment.
Is there an array of human strengths——the "sanities"—that are the opposite of the disorders? Beyond those qualities provided by genetic inheritance, what would responsible parents most want to bestow on their children?
To assess across time, culture and political systems how closely a people came to the good life, what set of question would we ask? If we wanted to know, as we aged and accomplished or failed, how close we were to the good life, what would we ask ourselves? Rather than trying to agree on the elusive dimensions of tile good life, can we think instead of an array of paradigmatic "good lives," e.
Do our cultural and religious writings about self—actualization, about wisdom and about creating an art of life yield a taxonomy? We can show the world what actions lead to well-being, to positive individuals, to flourishing communities, and to a just society" Seligman,p.
For it is my belief that no medication or technique of therapy holds as much promise for serving as a buffer against mental illness as does human strength. But psychology's focus on the negative has left us knowing too little about the many instances of growth, mastery, drive, and character building that can develop out of painful life events" Seligman,p.
Interestingly, I don't see any further references to the work of this group. Fredrickson introduced the "Broaden and Build" theory in order to account for what positive emotions do. They broaden the breadth of thought—action repertoires and build enduring physical, intellectual and social resources Frederickson, Fredrickson advances a new theory describing the form and function of joy, interest, contentment, and love.
In her new approach, she rejects two former common assumptions about emotion: The first is the presumption that emotions must necessarily yield specific action tendencies". Some positive emotions seem instead to spark changes primarily in cognitive activity, with changes in physical activity if any following from these cognitive changes" Fredrickson,p.
Whereas negative emotions narrow a person's momentary thought—action repertoire, positive emotions broaden this repertoire. Thus, positive emotions "prompt individuals to discard time—tested or automatic everyday behavioral scripts and to pursue novel, creative, and often unscripted paths of thought and action" Fredrickson,p.Essays on the Anthropology of Reason by Paul Rabinow.
Princeton University Press. Paperback. GOOD. Spine creases, wear to binding and pages from reading. May contain limited notes, underlining or highlighting that does affect the text.
Possible ex library copy, thatâ€™ll have the markings and stickers associated from the library. Essays on the Anthropology of Reason Paul Rabinow PRIN C ETON UNIV ERSIT Y PRESS PRIN C ETON, NEW JERSEY. Rabinow, Paul Essays on the Anthropology of Reason / Paul Rabinow p.
cm.-(Princeton studies in culture/power/history) Includes bibliographical references and index. Anthropology is a global discipline involving humanities, social sciences and natural sciences.
Anthropology builds upon knowledge from natural sciences, including the discoveries about the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens, human physical traits, human behavior, the variations among different groups of humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has influenced its social organization.
From Structuralism to Post-structuralism “Structuralism” initiated a meta-theoretical reversal, that is, a reversal in our understanding of the way we theorize (often named “the linguistic turn”). Michel Foucault: Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian, one of the most influential and controversial scholars of the post-World War II period.
The son and grandson of a physician, Michel Foucault was born to a solidly bourgeois family. He resisted what . Essays on the Anthropology of Reason could have a similar effect, one that could contribute to a movement away from an excessive preoccupation with textual reflexivity.
What one finds in this volume is a sustained reflection on what it means to do fieldwork today in or on (post)modern societies.