Click HERE for more information! Most of the studies comparing single-sex education with coeducation focus on grades and test scores as the parameters of interest.
Now, since cost sets up a real economic dynamic, it is not hard to imagine human institutions responding to it through cultural evolution without there being an innate and genetic component.
It would violate Ockham's Razor to gratuitously posit innate propensities if learned ones would already account for human institutions. This can be tested: If courtship behaviors are culturally created, then we would expect them to change if the costs of sex are dramatically changed.
There appears to be some evidence of this. In a regime of "welfare rights," where the government supports any children women may have, we have seen male responsibility all but evaporate and many women, "welfare mothers," indulge in much of the same kind of irresponsible promiscuity that was supposed to be characteristically male.
While this is a recent phenomenon, there is also some older evidence of it. As examined in more detail elsewherePacific island cultures have often been more tolerant of pre-marital sex and pregnancy.
Indeed, at least one pre-marital pregnancy, in some places, was seen as evidence of fertility, enhancing prospects for marriage. Does this kind of evidence simply establish that courtship behavior is cultural rather than innate gender rather than sexual?
No, for a couple of reasons. One is that innate differences are not expected to result in fixed and inflexible behaviors.
They are about potentials that result in a statistical spread of behavior. That is how evolution works, through random variation, a range of characteristics, and then the differential success of some variations.
Thus, if the evolutionary environment changes, e. Women who already have an inclination for promiscuity can achieve great reproductive success by becoming "welfare mothers" and having all their children supported by the government.
If the new environment persists, then over time any genetic component for that promiscuity will become more widespread. That is how evolution works. The value of the evidence about "welfare mothers" for the argument therefore depends on the statistical size of the phenomenon.
In a welfare state regime, how many women become promiscuous "welfare mothers"? Nowhere near a majority, though even this itself is confused by variations, since some communities have much higher illegitimacy rates than others and this likely due to varying cultural and economic factors within those communities.
Thus, it would help to have some other kinds of evidence as well.
The cumulative weight of that evidence does seem to be against the purely "cultural" thesis. He referred to women and men as "holes and poles. What he reminded me of was the literal meaning of the names of the Hawaiian gods, Hina and Ku, which as "supine" and "upright," respectively, are similarly suggestive of sexual differences in physical images.
The talk show, like Whitney, was not very successful, but 2 Broke Girls is still running, in its sixth season -- but Cummings seems to have relatively little do with it. I liked a lot of her humor, but Whitney seemed to get too far into silly, neutrotic stories.
The existence of homosexuality is itself strong evidence of natural variation in behavior, since nothing could be more of a dead end as a reproductive strategy than homosexuality. Given a homosexual group, then, we do have a natural experiment in sexual behavior where only the propensities of one sex are involved.
Where heterosexual courtship involves an interaction of men and women, homosexual courtship enables each sex to exhibit behaviors unaffected by those of the other.
The results are persistant and interesting. Homosexual men gay men seem to be much more promiscuous and sexually active than homosexual women lesbians.Masculinity, Gender Roles, and T.V. Shows from the s. The s nuclear family emerged in the post WWII era, as Americans faced the imminent threat of destruction from their Cold War enemies.
We pitted 50 movies against 12 new ways of measuring Hollywood’s gender imbalance. Sep 20, · A new study suggests that across countries and income levels, boys and girls enter their teens with damaging gender stereotypes that could have lasting effects.
Fully Alive: A Biblical Vision of Gender That Frees Men and Women to Live Beyond Stereotypes [Dr. Larry Crabb] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What makes a man masculine?
A woman feminine? Did God design the two genders so differently? If so, why? The answers to these questions will free women and men to gladly embrace all that it means to be fully alive as gendered. Let's begin with two recent studies in which students were RANDOMLY assigned either to single-gender or coed classrooms, with no opt-out.
We are aware of no other studies in which students were randomly assigned either to single-gender or coed classrooms, with no parental opt-out allowed. In Western societies, gender power is held by White, highly educated, middle-class, able-bodied heterosexual men whose gender represents hegemonic masculinity – the ideal to which other masculinities must interact with, conform to, and kaja-net.comnic masculinity rests on tacit acceptance.