Indian Space Programme Indian Space Programme Despite being a developing economy with its attendant problems, India has effectively developed space technology and has applied it successfully for its rapid development and today is offering a variety of space services globally. During the formative decade of s, space research was conducted by India mainly with the help of sounding rockets. Space research activities were provided additional fillip with the formation of the Space Commission and the Department of Space by the government of India in In the history of the Indian space programme, 70s were the era of Experimentation during which experimental satellite programmes like Aryabhatta, Bhaskara, Rohini and Apple were conducted.
Essay on Indian Space Programme Article shared by: The space programme was formalised with the constitution of the Space Commission and the Department of Space DOS in to formulate and implement space policies in the country.
The Antrix Corporation, a wholly Government owned company, which was established inis engaged in commercial marketing of space products and services. The Department of Space DOS is committed to carrying out research and development in satellite and launch vehicle technology with a goal to achieve self-reliance.
It also undertakes proof of concept demonstration of space applications, and promotes research and development in space sciences and development of applications programme.
The Department of Space has the primary responsibility of promoting development of space science, technology and applications towards achieving self-reliance and assisting in all round development of the nation. With this end in view, the Department of Space has evolved the following programmes: Remote sensing programme for application of satellite imagery for various developmental purposes.
Indigenous capability for design and development of spacecraft and associated technologies for communications, resource survey and space sciences.
Design and development of launch vehicles with indigenous technology for access to space and orbiting INSAT, IRS spacecraft and space science missions. Research and development in space sciences and technologies as well as application programme for national development.
Communication and Meteorological Systems: The Indian National Satellite INSAT system is a multi-agency, multipurpose operational satellite system for domestic telecommunications, meteorological observations and data relay, nationwide direct satellite television broadcasting and nationwide radio and television programme distribution.
The extended C-band transponders were at the disposal of DOT and business subscribers for establishing data networks. It is expected to boost VSAT services for banking and financial institutions, stock markets, fast moving consumer goods sector and medium to heavy engineering companies.
It is also expected to usher telemedicine in the country and help in remote diagnostics and extension of super-speciality hospital treatment to rural people.
It will provide enhanced capacity for education and literacy programmes relevant to rural areas.
It is positioned at 74 degree East longitude. The satellite is for providing telecommunication, television broadcasting, meteorology and satellite- aided search and rescue services.
It carries 12 C- band, six upper extended C-band, six Ku-band and one search and rescue transponders. A Data Relay Transponder DRT having global receive coverage with a MHz uplink and MHz downlink for relay of meteorological, hydrological and oceanographic data from unattended land and ocean-based automatic data collection-cum-transmission platforms.
It is also the heaviest launched so far by ISRO. One of the heaviest Indian satellites 3, kgthe INSAT-4B was placed in geostationary circular orbit at a height of 36, km above the equator. The satellite has 24 high-power transponders which will mainly boost the direct- to-home DTH television programmes besides other communication systems.
Alongside are 12 C-band 36 MHz bandwidth transponders with expanded coverage encompassing the Indian geographical boundary. Nine high-power Standing Committees constituted under NNRMS address specific issues pertaining to applications of remote sensing in different thematic areas.
The Indian Remote Sensing satellite system is one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation in the world today. It was placed in a sun synchronous polar orbit of a nominal altitude of km.
The panchromatic camera is designed to provide imageries with around one meter spatial resolution and a swath of 10 km. The satellite is configured to provide multi-scene imaging capability during a pass.
It weighs kg and has a capacity of 64 GB. The satellite carries an advanced panchromatic camera that can take pictures with a spatial resolution of about one metre and can cover a land strip of 9. Placed at a height of over kilometres, it can identify objects as small as a car.India has launched 86 Indian satellites (as of 6 oct ) of many types since its first in Satellites have been launched from various vehicles, including those launched by American, Russian and European rockets, as well as those launched indigenously by India.
The organisation responsible for India's satellite program is the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Launchers or Launch Vehicles are used to carry spacecraft to space. India has two operational launchers: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch .
Feb 13, · India's space agency has successfully launched satellites from a single rocket -- a record feat that will cement the country's space smarts after its successful Mars orbiter mission.
Indian Space Research Organisation [ISRO]/Department of Space Centres/Units are engaged in Research and Development activities in application of Space Science and Technology for the benefit of society at large and for serving the nation by achieving self- reliance and developing capacity to design and build Launch Vehicles and Communication/Remote Sensing Satellites and thereafter launch them.
25 rows · India has been successfully launching satellites of many types since These . Indian Space Programme. Despite being a developing economy with its attendant problems, India has effectively developed space technology and has applied it successfully for its rapid development and today is offering a variety of space services globally.